It is not easy, even in societies with a long democratic tradition, to reconcile satisfactorily the freedom of the press and the responsibility that information professionals may incur in the exercise of this freedom. It is important to draw all the consequences of the right to information now recognized as a legitimate requirement of the public. This opinion is intended to address the most obvious ethical gaps, particularly in the area of the print media.
Although it recalls that national, regional and international texts expressly mention, among the necessary restrictions to the freedom of communication provided for by law, those imposed by respect for the reputation and rights of others; and that the French legislation defines the obligations of journalists liable to be judicially sanctioned, the CNCDH also recalls that legal obligations must be supplemented by ethical obligations to prevent more usually the most common attacks on the reputation and rights of others. When it comes to the General Indian News also, the rules are the same.
With regard to professional journalists, the CNCDH proposes that, on the initiative of representative organizations of journalists, a professional code of ethics be drawn up, inspired in particular by the French charter of professional duties adopted in 1918 and revised in 1938. , and the so-called “Munich International Charter” adopted in 1971 that any request for attribution of the professional identity card is subordinated to an express adherence to the principles of this code; finally, that any serious violation of the aforesaid principles, worth breaking of the contracted engagement, entails the withdrawal or the non-renewal of the card.
With regard to press companies, it proposes that each media company be encouraged to create a body for the defense of readers and all persons implicated, with a statute guaranteeing its independence and attributions appropriate to the mission entrusted to him; that each newspaper specifies the ethical rules that it intends to apply to respect the code of the profession and deal with the specific problems it may face; lastly, that the amount of public aid granted to the companies which can claim it takes into account such a creation.
The Sport part
Themediated sports show is a consensual object, it is part of this contemporary time of the explosion of communication and is at the heart of a media process where technical progress, the values of freedom and democracy coexist. Sport is, by social construction, the symbolic place of concretization of these ideals of a fair competition between equals: it then appears as an answer to the question of living together and, at the same time, as a terrain where problems emerge. (question of violence, racism in stadiums, homophobia, discrimination related to gender or disability) that thwart this angelic vision. As for sports journalists, even if they have difficulty in establishing themselves as real information professionals, we are witnessing a posture assumed by this category of specialized journalists as voluntary actors, in charge of the legitimization of sport and its preservation, defenders of its virtues, a sport promoting integration, development, health or as a tool against discrimination.